An adult can express his thoughts, beliefs and feelings in words and express himself in words. If a child is involved, we can say that he has many different methods. In order to understand the child’s inner world and to help him open himself, we must give him what he loves and does best.
The child can be himself in an environment where he feels free and private, not afraid to be punished and can do whatever he wants within certain limits, and can express himself by playing. The game is inherent in it and is a child as long as it can play. A child who feels safe and does not hesitate to be judged plays a game that he directs opens the doors of his inner world to us. The rest is to be able to see and understand what is happening in the child’s world.
How should the game room be?
The game room can be a room specially designed for play therapy or any room where designated toys can be played. If such a room is to be used, it is necessary to lay down a sheet or a cover that can be used to determine the boundaries. The toy should be predetermined toys to be used only for play therapy. If the game room is to be specially designed for game therapy only, some points should be considered.
Instead of a long narrow room, there should be a room measuring almost 3 x 5 meters. Because otherwise, it will be possible for the child to go too far and will be difficult to follow.
A soundproofed, soundproofed room should be preferred to prevent the parent from hearing the child’s voices and interfering with the therapy or interrogating the child, depending on the sounds they hear.
The fact that the floor is water resistant and easy to clean material will provide convenience for the therapist.
The room should have no glass, no windows, and if there is a thick curtain in front of it, or anything to prevent it from breaking. The reason for this is that if the child throws a toy towards the glass, it does not cause a possible accident.
The shelves and cabinets to which the toys will be placed should be fixed to the walls, so that if the child hangs on them, it will be prevented from falling over.
Which Toys Should Be?
Let’s talk about the toys used in play therapy, especially the toys that are wanted to be found.
First of all, we need to have a blackboard in our room. This board must either be fixed to the wall at a height of 90 cm from the floor, or it must have a mechanism that will not somehow fall over the child.
If possible, there should be a sink in the room, otherwise there should be a bucket or a large container of water.
There should be a 2-chair children’s table that can be easily wiped off when painted, and the therapist should use a wheelchair to follow the child.
The symbolic meanings of the animals are very important for us. There must be at least 3 of every kind of animal, that is to say, what kind of predator is a lion, tiger, crocodile. 2 dinosaurs (especially dinosaur because they represent concerns, such as death anxiety), bulls, octopus (overprotective mother) baby bottles, dollhouse (with people-usually represents family members), binoculars, tumbler, plastic legos (very tiny tiny) 2) (representing grandmother and grandmother), traffic vehicles (car, ambulance, police car, fire brigade), soldiers and soldier toys (rifle, pistol, arrow-bow, sword, grenade, 2 each) , handcuffs, doctor bag, crayons, play dough, drawing papers (can be in A4), flashlight, puppet (2 animal hand puppets preferably bear and lion because bear mother represents lion father, and also male and female human puppet) ), police and soldier hat, coin, jewelery, magic wand, kitchen supplies (oven-brother jealousy, knife, refrigerator), bags and shoes (purse-request to return to the womb, shoe-woman sexuality) i), rope, telephone, sandbox, dart (whether magnet or velcro), glasses, mask, wristwatch, key, a few plush toys, airplane (the need to be more free)…
What else should we pay attention to if we want to put toys in our room? First of all, the therapist should ask himself the following questions:
Is this toy safe for the child?
Does it help the child express himself?
Will it interest him?
Will it improve, or succeed?
What we understand here is that we should not use every toy we see in play therapy. The toy needs to arouse interest and curiosity in the child, and it must be difficult enough to do it alone, which does not harm his self-confidence. Of course, it is important to say that it is not expensive or perishable.
Finally, let us talk about which groups of toys can be effective in the treatment of conditions and go into the types and details of the therapy process. Real-life toys such as doll houses, puppets and human figures can often cure problems such as anger, jealousy (especially sister jealousy), stubbornness, introversion, and family conflicts. The treatment of disruptive behavior disorder, impulse control disorder, aggression and aggression can also be effective in the treatment of neurosurgery, such as knives, weapons, military toys, wild animals and animal puppets. Sand, water, play dough, puzzle and logos from the producer toys can be used to cure problems such as shyness, shyness and loss of self-confidence.
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